Use Normal Level of Caution

The Republic of Palau is made up of more than 250 small islands and is located in the western Pacific Ocean. This island nation shares maritime boundaries with Indonesia, the Philippines and the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau is geographically part of the larger island group, called Micronesia. Roughly two-thirds of Palau's 21,000 citizens live on the island of Koror, but the capital city of Ngerulmud is actually located on the nearby island of Babeldaob. Palau is a multi-party democratic republic, led by the President who serves as both head of state and head of government.

Administration of Palau has passed among Spain, Germany, Japan and, most recently, the United States. Palau has been independent since 1994, but the country continues to maintain a strong economic tie to the United States. Today, Palau is a renowned diving and snorkeling destination, featuring exotic marine species and beautiful reefs. Palau is recognized as a leader in the conservation of marine environments, recently opening the world's first shark sanctuary in 2009.

Beyond a rich assortment of underwater activities, visitors to Palau will find the islands teeming with a rich assortment of exotic creatures and scenic landscapes. Not to be missed are the uninhabited Rock Islands, which are made up of ancient coral reefs that violently surfaced to form islands.

Currency USD: US Dollar
Language Palauan; English
Capital Ngerulmud (town in the State of Melekeok)
Recent Alerts 1
Latest Alert April 05, 2021 - COVID-19 Precautionary Measures in Palau (05 April Update)

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Palau. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a significant risk for hepatitis A virus exposure in Palau through contaminated food or water. Infection can still occur at tourist destinations and resorts.

Hepatitis B

There is a significant risk for acquiring hepatitis B in Palau.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in Palau, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Dengue Fever

Outbreaks of dengue fever may occur.

Chikungunya Fever

Outbreaks of chikungunya fever may occur.


Tuberculosis occurs in Palau. Travellers to Palau are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.


Rabies may be present in bats.

Zika Fever

Zika fever may occur in Palau.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Palau.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a significant risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a significant risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities or rural areas, where food and water sources may be contaminated.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers whose activities or employment may bring them into direct contact with bats (i.e. adventure travellers, veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers, etc.).

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Palau.

None required.

Safety and Security in Palau

Emergency Numbers


Medical facilities are limited throughout the country. Medical evacuation might be necessary if you have an accident or serious illness. Ensure your travel insurance will cover the costs.

Personal Safety

The crime rate is low in this country, and most travellers have no trouble. However, petty crime, such as pickpocketing, bag snatching, or other theft can occur in any crowded area or tourist destination. Always be alert to your surroundings and personal security. Keep valuables secured and out of sight. Safeguard your important documents, such as your passport. Avoid walking alone at night.

In diving areas, there are over 60 underwater vertical drop offs. Only experienced divers should dive in certain areas. There is still unexploded ammunition, particularly in Peleliu and Angaur. Exercise caution when diving or exploring caves. Check with local authorities for safety advice. Safety standards may not be met for sports activities and equipment.

There is only one hyperbaric chamber located in the hospital in Koror.

Drug offences can bring strict penalties.

Check with local authorities before water activities. Saltwater crocodiles are in areas of Palau and sometimes with no sign or warning. Be particularly careful in mangrove areas.

Palau is a conservative country. Dress conservatively and respect local customs.

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