Use Normal Level of Caution

Canada occupies most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and north to the Arctic Ocean. Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area and shares a common border in the south and northwest with the United States. The population is about 34,000,000.

Canada's government is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. A prime minister is the head of government.

Canada is one of the world's highly developed countries and has a diversified economy that relies on rich natural resources and trade in commodities.

This country is noted for its geography, ranging from the Rocky Mountains in the west, huge glaciers in the north, to oceans on the east and west coasts. Wildlife are common to this country with grizzly bears, wolves, mountain lions, moose, polar bears, and humpback whales. Activities, such as hiking, skiing, snowmobiling, or snowboarding, are popular and are available in areas that are short distances from major cities.

Currency CAD: Canadian dollar
Language English and French
Capital Ottawa
Recent Alerts 7
Latest Alert April 01, 2021 - Three Quebec Cities Into Lockdown - Canada

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Canada. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

West Nile Fever

Sporadic cases and small outbreaks of West Nile virus occur in the summer months in Canada.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in Canada. The highest risk occurs from exposure to ticks during camping and hiking in forested areas.


Rabies may occur in wild mammals.

Hepatitis A

There a low risk for hepatitis A.

Hepatitis B

There is a high rate of hepatitis B in the Inuit population in far northern Canada.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Canada.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a low risk of exposure to hepatitis A for this country, however, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a low risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, however, the vaccination is recommended.

Rabies Vaccine

Travellers involved in outdoor and other activities that might bring them into direct contact with dogs, bats and other mammals (such as campers, hikers, adventure travellers and cavers), as well as travellers with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wild life professionals and researchers), and long-term travellers and expatriates should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Canada.

None required.

Safety and Security in Canada

Emergency Numbers


Personal Safety

Most travellers to Canada do not experience any safety or security risks as the country is generally safe. Crime against tourists is rare, however, theft can sometimes occur at tourist and recreational sites and from unattended vehicles. Travellers should ensure their personal belongings and travel documents are kept secure.

Travellers should be aware that in some regions of Canada, snow and ice during the winter months can make driving dangerous. Some mountainous areas of Canada's west coast experience avalanches. Before engaging in outdoor adventure activities, ensure your travel and medical insurance policy covers these types of activities.

Canada is a leader in LGBTI rights. Same-sex marriage is legal and most major cities have large and vibrant LGBTI communities. However, attitudes towards LGBTI people may be less progressive in rural and more remote areas of Canada.

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