Palestinian Territories

Palestinian Territories

Avoid Travel

The State of Palestine is composed of the West Bank and Gaza Strip areas. The West Bank is located to the east of Jerusalem, bordering Israel and Jordan. The Gaza Strip borders the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Egypt. The boundaries of the Palestinian territory, however, continue to be disputed.

Palestine has suffered a long history of conflict and dispute over its territory and Palestinian sovereignty continues to generate conflict with Israel. The creation of Israel in 1948 led to the displacement of the Arab population out of Israel and into the territories of Palestine - the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. With such an influx of people, the West Bank became a poor, densely-populated and destitute area. In 1964, the Palestine Liberation Organization, a representative for the Palestinian people, was formed. The goal of the organization was to create an independent state and liberate the Palestine people from Israeli oppression. In November 1988, the Palestine Liberation Organization self-declared independence. In 1993, Israel and Palestine signed the Oslo Accord, an accord in which Israel granted the Palestine Liberation Organization administrative control over some of the Palestinian territory. In 2012, Palestine was granted status as a nonmember observer state by the UN, and as of September 2015, 193 of the UN member states recognized the State of Palestine. Nevertheless, conflict and strife continues. Palestinian nationalists fear Israeli control and annexation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, while most Israelis feel as though these lands belong to Israel. These lands were, and continue to be, of strategic importance; the main roads connecting Egypt and Syria run through them as do roads connecting the Mediterranean to the Middle East beyond the Jordan River.

Palestine has a rich blend of cultures and religions. Jews, Christians and Muslims live in Palestine and all three religions recognize the area as the Holy Land. The geography of Palestine is equally diverse with the rocky plateau of Judea, the desert-like Negev region and the deep, dry Jordan Valley (the lowest land depth on Earth).

The president of Palestine is the head of state. Although the capital of Palestine is East Jerusalem, the administrative center is Ramallah. Palestine is very densely populated with a population of approximately 4,420,000 people (2013 estimate).

Currency NIS: New Israeli Shekel
Language Arabic
Capital East Jerusalem
Recent Alerts 3
Latest Alert April 11, 2021 - Palestinian Territories to be Sealed from 13 April -15 April

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Palestinian Territories. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a risk of exposure to hepatitis A virus in this country through contaminated food or water.

Hepatitis B

There is a risk for acquiring hepatitis B in this country.

Typhoid Fever

Unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water, especially when visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas where water and food may not be safe.


Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, bikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Palestinian Territories.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to hepatitis A in this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country through consumption of unsafe food and water. Since exposure to unsafe sources is variable within this country, the vaccination against typhoid fever is generally recommended, especially when visiting smaller cities, rural areas, or staying with friends and family.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Palestinian Territories.

None required.

Safety and Security in Palestinian Territories

Emergency Numbers


Personal Safety

Exercise extreme caution if travelling to Palestine. Avoid all travel to the Gaza Strip, and avoid non-essential travel to the West Bank due to the unpredictable security situation, violence and military activity.

Always be alert in your surroundings, keep valuables secured and out of sight, safeguard important documents, such as your passport. Keep identification with you at all times. Do not show signs of wealth so as to avoid becoming a target. Avoid walking alone at night. Do not accept drinks or food from strangers and never let your drink out of your sight.

Ensure that you are familiar with the emergency procedures of the area (air raid sirens, locations of emergency shelters etc.). Monitor local news and travel reports often to be vigilant about the security situation.

Safety standards for transportation may be lower in Palestine. Exercise caution. There have been incidences of violence near public transportation lines. Avoid using buses in Jerusalem.

Visitors are advised to dress conservatively and respect all religious customs. Note the times of religious observances before travelling.

Areas To Avoid

Avoid travel to the Gaza Strip due to continuing conflict between Israel and various terrorist groups. The security situation is unpredictable. Travellers may be unable to leave the area, and government assistance to the area is very limited.

Political Unrest

Avoid large public gatherings and protests. These events and situations have turned violent and people have been killed.

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