Use Normal Level of Caution

Greenland, the world’s largest island, is located between the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. The population of Greenland is estimated to be approximately 57,000 people (July 2016) and, as such, Greenland has the lowest population density of any country in the world. Due to the subarctic and arctic climate, the population is concentrated primarily in the southwest coast of the island. The interior of Greenland is uninhabited.

First explored by the Icelandic Vikings in the 10th century, Greenland was next colonized by the Danes in the 18th century. In 1979 Greenland was granted self-governance by the Government of Denmark. Today, it forms part of the Kingdom of Denmark, classified as a self-governing overseas administrative division, with Denmark still administering some of Greenland’s affairs. In this parliamentary democracy, the chief of state is the monarch of Denmark (represented by a high commissioner) and the head of government is the premier.

Historically, the economy of Greenland has been heavily reliant on the fishing industry. However, the tourism industry of Greenland is developing, primarily due to the increased number of cruise lines operating in the southern waters of Greenland. Greenland holds the world’s largest national park (representing over 46% of the island’s land mass), stunning arctic landscapes and a unique climate and culture. It is an undiscovered gem for the adventurous traveller.

Currency DKK: Danish Krone
Language Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish
Capital Nuuk (Godthaab)
Recent Alerts None
Latest Alert Not Available

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Greenland. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Hepatitis A

There is a risk of exposure to hepatitis A virus in this country through contaminated food or water.

Hepatitis B

There is a risk for acquiring hepatitis B in this country.


Rabies may be present in bats.


Travellers to this country are at risk for tuberculosis if visiting sick friends or family, working in the health care field, or having close prolonged contact with the general population.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Greenland.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a risk of exposure to hepatitis A in this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a risk of infection with hepatitis B for this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers whose activities or employment may bring them into direct contact with bats (i.e. adventure travellers, veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers, etc.).

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Greenland.

None required.

Safety and Security in Greenland

Emergency Numbers


Personal Safety

The crime rate in Greenland is low, and there is little concern for the safety of the traveller. However, petty crime can occur anywhere. Always be alert in your surroundings. Keep valuables secured and out of sight. Safeguard your important documents, such as your passport. Avoid walking alone at night. Do not accept drinks or food from strangers and never leave your drinks out of your sight.

Road travel can be unsafe due to poor road conditions and extreme and rapidly-changing weather conditions. Greenland has no formal road system and, instead, travel is primarily by foot, boat or air.

Travellers should be aware that emergency assistance may be slow as travel between regions of Greenland is limited, and emergency assistance is limited in remote areas.

Due to the extreme weather conditions, travellers should take necessary precautions to avoid prolonged and unplanned exposure to the elements. Travelling with a guide is always recommended. For adventure tourism, a permit must be acquired from the Ministry of Domestic Affairs, Nature and Environment.

Same-sex relations and same-sex marriage are legal in Greenland.

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