Use High Level of Caution
Avoid Travel to the following provinces: West Bank and Gaza

The State of Israel is located in the Middle East between Egypt and Lebanon and on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel also borders Syria, Jordan and the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. The population is approximately 7.5 million people.

The government of Israel is a parliamentary democracy. A president is chief of state elected by the Knesset and has mainly a ceremonial role. A prime minister is head of government.

Although the area was an ancient Hebrew kingdom and the birthplace of Christianity, Israel has been a country only since 1948. Since that time, Israel has fought a series of wars with neighbouring Arab states and has occupied territories, including the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, however, there has been only limited success resolving border disputes.

Israel is a developed country with a technologically advanced economy. The main financial center is Tel Aviv, and the main industrial center is Haifa. Israel is a major destination for travellers since the land has great religious importance and is considered holy. Although continually under threat of violence, Israel has such rigid security that travel is relatively safe.

Currency ILS: Shekel
Language Hebrew and Arabic
Capital Jerusalem
Recent Alerts 5
Latest Alert April 11, 2021 - Palestinian Territories to be Sealed from 13 April -15 April

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in Israel. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

West Nile Fever

Outbreaks of West Nile virus occur in Israel.

Hepatitis A

There is a low risk of hepatitis A in Israel.

Hepatitis B

There is a low risk of hepatitis B in Israel.

Typhoid Fever

There is a very low risk that unvaccinated people can become infected through contaminated food and water in this country. However, the U.S. CDC reports that the risk of typhoid fever is confined to the West Bank in Gaza.


Rabies occurs in this country. Travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to Israel.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

Although the risk of hepatitis A is low, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

Although the risk of hepatitis B is low, the vaccination is recommended.

Typhoid Fever Vaccine

Although there is a low risk of exposure to typhoid fever in this country, the vaccine is recommended for travellers who visit smaller cities, villages, or rural areas and stay with friends or relatives, especially in the West Bank in Gaza.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers involved in outdoor activities (e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, and cavers) who may have direct contact with rabid dogs, bats, and other mammals. Those with occupational risks (such as veterinarians, wildlife professionals, researchers) and long-term travellers and expatriates are at higher risk and should be vaccinated.

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to Israel.

None required.

Safety and Security in Israel

Emergency Numbers

(+972 3) 516 5382 Tourist Police

Personal Safety

Most visitors to Israel do not experience safety and security problems, however, the security situation can change rapidly at any time. Travellers are advised to carry their passports with them at all times and register with their embassy in Tel Aviv. Dual citizens who hold Israeli citizenship as well as another citizenship are required to show their Israeli documentation when exiting or entering Israel.

There is a high incidence of crime in Jerusalem, particularly in the Old City and at night. Travellers should travel in groups and dress conservatively.

Vehicle theft and theft on public beaches occurs often. Travellers are advised to keep their valuables out of sight and avoid wearing expensive clothing and jewellery.

The incidence of road accidents is high in Israel. Road travel may be dangerous due to poor road conditions and reckless driving. Exercise extreme caution in rural areas where roads may be unpaved and unlit at night. Avoid travelling after dark.

Land entry into Israel from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip is tightly restricted and borders may close unexpectedly. For more information about entry and exit restrictions into these areas, contact Israeli Authorities in your home country.

Do not take photos of government or military installations.

Travellers should take note of whether they will be travelling during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. During this time, respect the religious practices of the country and avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public between sunrise and sunset. Always dress conservatively to respect local customs.

All travellers should behave and dress conservatively to respect local customs. Monitor local news closely around religious holidays to stay informed of the security situation, as it can be volatile.

Natural hazards such as sandstorms in spring and summer and flooding in the winter may disrupt travel plans and present a safety risk to the traveller.

LGBTI travellers should note that same-sex sexual activity is legal in Israel, but same-sex marriage is not. Israel has a growing gay-scene, however, in more conservative, religious areas, LGBTI travellers should avoid public displays of affection to avoid offending local sensitivities. In the Gaza Strip, same-sex sexual behaviours and same-sex marriage are illegal.

Areas To Avoid

Travellers are strongly advised to completely avoid travel to all regions surrounding the Gaza Strip and of the West Bank due to civil unrest, violence, the risk of rocket and mortar launches, gunfire and of ongoing military activity. The security situation is highly unpredictable and dangerous. There is a continuing threat to any traveller present in these areas of being caught in the crossfire of violence, as well as of being kidnapped. If it is absolutely necessary to go to these regions, travellers are recommended to exercise extreme caution at all times, monitor news reports and follow the advice of local authorities. Passports should be carried at all times and alternative travel arrangements should be ready in case of rapid deterioration in the security situation.

Exercise extreme caution if travelling to Jerusalem. Protests and civil unrest are common and often turn violent quickly.

There are unmarked landmine fields in certain parts of the country, particularly in the West Bank and along Israel's borders. Travellers should not stray from roads and trails as a precaution. Do not travel to bordering regions to due political tensions and violence.

Extreme Violence

The threat of terrorism is high in Israel. Terrorist incidents have occurred in a variety of locations in major populated centers (including Tel Aviv, Eilat, Haifa, Beersheba, Netanya, and others), causing death and injuries. Incidents could be unpredictable and there is a strong risk that foreigners, although not directly targeted, could end up in the middle of highly dangerous situations.

Travellers visiting urban areas should exercise caution, stay informed of the present security situation, monitor local news reports and follow the advice of local authorities, especially during periods of religious holidays, such as Rosh Hashanah, Ramadan and Pesach (Passover).

Political Unrest

Large political gatherings and demonstrations occur frequently and should be avoided as they can become violent. Travellers should obey government checkpoints, which may be set up without warning.

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