Use Normal Level of Caution

The French Republic is located in western Europe, southeast of Great Britain, and between Belgium and Spain. The country borders the Mediterranean Sea, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay. The population of France is about 65 million people.

The government of France is a republic with a president as chief of state and elected by popular vote. A prime minister is the head of government and is appointed by the president.

France is one of the most developed countries with the fifth largest economy in the world and a high standard of living. France is also the most visited country in the world, receiving 82 million foreign tourists annually. The country is known for good food, wine, and landmarks, such as the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre, and Versailles to name just a few. Southern France includes Mediterranean destinations, such as Nice and St. Tropez on the French Riviera.

Currency EUR: Euro
Language French
Capital Paris
Recent Alerts 13
Latest Alert April 10, 2021 - France: Demonstration in Lyon on 10 April

Diseases To Be Aware Of

The diseases listed below are those which occur most often in France. Other, less frequently encountered diseases might be displayed within the Travel Alerts section if they have occurred recently.

Chikungunya Fever

Some cases of chikungunya fever have occurred in southern France.

Hepatitis B

There is a risk of hepatitis B in this country.

Hepatitis A

There is a risk of hepatitis A in this country.

Tick-Borne Encephalitis

There is a risk of tick-borne encephalitis in some areas of the country below 1,400 meters. The transmission season varies, however, and ticks are most active during early spring to late autumn (March to November).


Rabies may occur in bats in this country.

Dengue Fever

Sporadic cases have occurred in southern France.


This disease has been reported on the Island of Corsica.

Vaccinations to Consider

The following is a list of recommended vaccinations for travelling to France.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

There is a risk of hepatitis A in this country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

There is a risk of hepatitis B in the country, therefore, the vaccination is recommended.

Rabies Vaccine

Vaccination against rabies is recommended for travellers who may have direct contact with bats, e.g., campers, hikers, adventure travellers, cavers or researchers.

Tick-Borne Encephalitis Vaccine

Vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis is recommended if travelling in areas where contact with ticks might occur (camping, hiking, outdoor activities) below 1,400 meters during early spring to late autumn (March to November).

Medications to Consider

The following is a list of recommended medications for travelling to France.

None required.

Safety and Security in France

Emergency Numbers


Personal Safety

Most travellers to France do not experience any safety or security problems.

Petty crime, such as pickpocketing, does occur in tourist areas and on public transportation, especially in major cities. Be aware of anyone using distraction techniques for theft, such as spilling food or drink or asking questions. In Paris, violent theft on public transportation has increased (Metro, RER lines and stations, such as the Gare du Nord Eurostar terminus). Travellers should be cautious and alert on public transportation in Paris, as well as suburb areas.

Carry an identification document with you at all times (passport, driver’s license, etc). If asked, you must provide this document or within 4 hours at a police station.

It is illegal for anyone to conceal their face in France, including full-face veils, motorcycle helmets, balaclavas, or anything that masks the face. It is also illegal to force someone to hide their face. Failure to comply will result in large fines and prison sentences. Travellers to France are not exempt from this law.

It is illegal to operate a drone in urban areas, near airports, military bases, prisons, nuclear plants or at large public gatherings.

Same-sex sexual activity and marriage are both legal in France and discrimination based on sexual orientation is prohibited. There is a general social acceptance of LGBTI people in France.

Extreme Violence

Use a high degree of caution in France due to ongoing terrorism threats by Islamist groups. The French government has increased its security measures and has advised locals and travellers to be vigilant.

Political Unrest

Strikes, student demonstrations, and labour demonstrations occur regularly. Travellers are advised to avoid large gatherings in the streets or on university campuses since even peaceful rallies can escalate unexpectedly and become violent.

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